学術雑誌論文 Quadriceps force and anterior tibial force occur obviously later than vertical ground reaction force: a simulation study

Ueno, Ryo  ,  Ishida, Tomoya  ,  Yamanaka, Masanori  ,  Taniguchi, Shohei  ,  Ikuta, Ryohei  ,  Samukawa, Mina  ,  Saito, Hiroshi  ,  Tohyama, Harukazu

18p.467 , 2017-11-18 , BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2474
内容記述
Background: Although it is well known that quadriceps force generates anterior tibial force, it has been unclear whether quadriceps force causes great anterior tibial force during the early phase of a landing task. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the quadriceps force induced great anterior tibial force during the early phase of a landing task. Methods: Fourteen young, healthy, female subjects performed a single-leg landing task. Muscle force and anterior tibial force were estimated from motion capture data and synchronized force data from the force plate. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance and the post hoc Bonferroni test were conducted to compare the peak time of the vertical ground reaction force, quadriceps force and anterior tibial force during the single-leg landing. In addition, we examined the contribution of vertical and posterior ground reaction force, knee flexion angle and moment to peak quadriceps force using multiple linear regression. Results: The peak times of the estimated quadriceps force (96.0 +/- 23.0 ms) and anterior tibial force (111.9 +/- 18.9 ms) were significantly later than that of the vertical ground reaction force (63.5 +/- 6.8 ms) during the single-leg landing. The peak quadriceps force was positively correlated with the peak anterior tibial force (R = 0.953, P < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the peak knee flexion moment contributed significantly to the peak quadriceps force (R-2 = 0.778, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The peak times of the quadriceps force and the anterior tibial force were obviously later than that of the vertical ground reaction force for the female athletes during successful single-leg landings. Studies have reported that the peak time of the vertical ground reaction force was close to the time of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) disruption in ACL injury cases. It is possible that early contraction of the quadriceps during landing might induce ACL disruption as a result of excessive anterior tibial force in unanticipated situations in ACL injury cases.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/68016/1/BMC%20Musculoskelet%20Disord_18%281%29_467.pdf

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