Journal Article Verification Firings of End-Burning Type Hybrid Rockets

Nagata, Harunori  ,  Teraki, Hayato  ,  Saito, Yuji  ,  Kanai, Ryuichiro  ,  Yasukochi, Hiroyuki  ,  Wakita, Masashi  ,  Totani, Tsuyoshi

33 ( 6 )  , pp.1473 - 1477 , 2017-11 , The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
The authors have previously proposed the concept of end-burning-type hybrid rockets, which would use cylindrical fuel grains consisting of an array of many small ports running in the axial direction, through which oxidizer gas would flow. Because of difficulty in manufacturing a fuel grain that satisfied requirements such as high volumetric filling rate (above 0.95) and microsized port intervals, the end-burning hybrid rocket had yet to be achieved. This paper reports the results of verification firing tests of a novel end-burning-type hybrid rocket made possible for the first time by recent progress in three-dimensional printing technology. The results clearly distinguish the initial transient and steady periods of the end-burning mode and prove that no oxidizer-to-fuel ratio shift occurs during firing. Because the initial transient is a period for the exit end face to attain a steady-state shape, an initial end-face shape being close to the steady-state shape can shorten this period. A firing test with fuel having tapered ports is shown to attain a steady-state shape in less than 1s, which is much shorter than the nontapered case of about 6 seconds.

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