学術雑誌論文 Mechanoresponsive luminescence and liquid-crystalline behaviour of a cyclophane featuring two 1,6-bis(phenylethynyl)pyrene groups

Sagara, Yoshimitsu  ,  Tamaoki, Nobuyuki

7 ( 74 )  , pp.47056 - 47062 , 2017-11-17 , Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:2046-2069
内容記述
Cyclophanes have been attractive targets over recent decades because of their fascinating molecular structures and inherent ability to act as supramolecular hosts. However, cyclophanes that exhibit stimuli-responsive luminescence in their condensed states are still very rare, although luminescent cyclophanes could be suitable platforms for sophisticated photofunctional molecular assembled materials. We here report that a pyrenophane featuring two p-extended pyrene groups exhibits mechanoresponsive luminescence in the solid states and shows a nematic liquid-crystalline phase at elevated temperature. Two 1,6-bis(phenylethynyl)pyrene moieties form intramolecular excimers in a diluted chloroform solution, whereas no clear intra-and/or intermolecular excimer formation was observed for the solid state accessed through slow cooling from the nematic phase. Photoluminescence spectroscopic measurements, emission lifetime measurements, and X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed that mechanical stimuli result in conversion to much less ordered molecular assembled states in which some luminophores form excimers, leading to changes in photoluminescence colours.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/67616/1/c7ra10776e.pdf

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