||Vascular formation : in vitro differentiation of vascular endothelial cells from pluripotent stem cells
Tsuji-Tamura, Kiyomi Tamura, Masato ,
85 , 2017-09 , 北海道歯学会
During early vascular development, vascular endothelial cells (ECs) differentiate, proliferate, migrate, and change morphologically, forming tube-like vascular structures. The ECs are then surrounded by vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), leading to the formation of stable vascular structures, or vascular maturation. The stages of cell or tissue development can be monitored and analyzed using in vitro differentiation systems of pluripotent stem cells. In this review, we present the molecular mechanisms that regulate the developmental processes of vasculature.