学術雑誌論文 Ice core records of monoterpene- and isoprene-SOA tracers from Aurora Peak in Alaska since 1660s: Implication for climate change variability in the North Pacific Rim

Pokhrel, Ambarish  ,  Kawamura, Kimitaka  ,  Ono, Kaori  ,  Seki, Osamu  ,  Fu, Pingqing  ,  Matoba, Sumio  ,  Shiraiwa, Takayuki

130pp.105 - 112 , 2015-09-28 , Elsevier
ISSN:1352-2310
内容記述
Monoterpene and isoprene secondary organic aerosol (SOA) tracers are reported for the first time in an Alaskan ice core to better understand the biological source strength before and after the industrial revolution in the Northern Hemisphere. We found significantly high concentrations of monoterpene- and isoprene-SOA tracers (e.g., pinic, pinonic, and 2-methylglyceric acids, 2-methylthreitol and 2-methylerythritol) in the ice core, which show historical trends with good correlation to each other since 1660s. They show positive correlations with sugar compounds (e.g., mannitol, fructose, glucose, inositol and sucrose), and anti-correlations with alpha-dicarbonyls (glyoxal and methylglyoxal) and fatty acids (e.g., C-18:1) in the same ice core. These results suggest similar sources and transport pathways for monoterpene- and isoprene-SOA tracers. In addition, we found that concentrations of C-5-alkene triols (e.g., 3-methyl-2,3,4-trihydroxy-1-butene, cis-2-methyl 1,3,4-trihydroxy-1-butene and trans-2-methyl-1,3,4-trihydroxy-1-butene) in the ice core have increased after the Great Pacific Climate Shift (late 1970s). They show positive correlations with a-dicarbonyls and fatty acids (e.g., C-18:1) in the ice core, suggesting that enhanced oceanic emissions of biogenic organic compounds through the marine boundary layer are recorded in the ice core from Alaska. Photochemical oxidation process for these monoterpene- and isoprene-/sesquiterpene-SOA tracers are suggested to be linked with the periodicity of multi-decadal climate oscillations and retreat of sea ice in the Northern Hemisphere. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/67195/1/Pokhrel.pdf

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