||Mycotoxin contamination in foodstuffs and feeds-health concerns in Thailand
Tulayakul, PhitsanuSugita-Konishi, Yoshiko
Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
183 , 2017-08 , Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Many studies on mycotoxins have been carried out in various parts of the world. Thailand is one of many tropical countries to continuously encounter problems associated with mycotoxin contamination in foodstuffs and animal feed, and faces health concerns associated with humans and animals. This review has gathered background information from mycotoxin studies in Thailand in order to update the information on mycotoxin issues from 1967 until the present. The first report of mycotoxin contamination in animal feed was published in 1983. Among the various known mycotoxins, aflatoxins (AF) have been the main concern in human foodstuffs and animal feed, followed by deoxynivalenol(DON), fumonisin (FUM) and trichothecene (T) toxins respectively, while zearalenone (ZEA) has primarily been a concern regarding animal feed in Thailand. Hepatocellular carcinoma has been reported in association with patients consuming foods contaminated with AF. In addition, the standard limit of total aflatoxin (TAF) for foodstuffs has been set at 20 μg/kg in Thailand. It is therefore necessary to improve the control strategies and regulations for all mycotoxins in human foodstuffs and animal feed in Thailand.