Journal Article Hidden amorphous phase and reentrant supercooled liquid in Pd-Ni-P metallic glasses

Lan, S.  ,  Ren, Y.  ,  Wei, X. Y.  ,  Wang, B.  ,  Gilbert, E. P.  ,  Shibayama, T.  ,  Watanabe, S.  ,  Ohnuma, M.  ,  Wang, X. -L.

8p.14679 , 2017-03-17 , Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
Description
An anomaly in differential scanning calorimetry has been reported in a number of metallic glass materials in which a broad exothermal peak was observed between the glass and crystallization temperatures. The mystery surrounding this calorimetric anomaly is epitomized by four decades long studies of Pd-Ni-P metallic glasses, arguably the best glass-forming alloys. Here we show, using a suite of in situ experimental techniques, that Pd-Ni-P alloys have a hidden amorphous phase in the supercooled liquid region. The anomalous exothermal peak is the consequence of a polyamorphous phase transition between two supercooled liquids, involving a change in the packing of atomic clusters over medium-range length scales as large as 18Å. With further temperature increase, the alloy reenters the supercooled liquid phase, which forms the room-temperature glass phase on quenching. The outcome of this study raises a possibility to manipulate the structure and hence the stability of metallic glasses through heat treatment.
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https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/67125/3/Supplementary%20Information.pdf

https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/67125/1/ncomms14679.pdf

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