Journal Article Springtime variations of organic and inorganic constituents in submicron aerosols (PM1.0) from Cape Hedo, Okinawa

Kunwar, Bhagawati  ,  Torii, K.  ,  Zhu, Chunmao  ,  Fu, Pingqing  ,  Kawamura, Kimitaka

130pp.84 - 94 , 2015-09-05 , Elsevier
During the spring season with enhanced Asian outflow, we collected submicron aerosol (PM1.0) samples at Cape Hedo, Okinawa Island in the western North Pacific Rim. We analyzed the filter samples for diacids, oxoacids, pyruvic acid, alpha-dicarbonyls and fatty acids to better understand the sources and atmospheric processes in the outflow regions of Asian pollutants. Molecular distributions of diacids show a predominance of oxalic acid (C-2) followed by malonic (C-3) and succinic (C-4) acids. Total diacids strongly correlated with secondary source tracers such as SO42- (r = 0.87), NH4+ (0.90) and methanesulfonate (MSA(-)) (0.84), suggesting that diacids are secondarily formed from their precursor compounds. We also found good correlations among C-2, organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) in the Okinawa aerosols, suggesting that diacids are mainly derived from anthropogenic sources. However, a weak correlation of diacids with levoglucosan, a biomass burning tracer, suggests that biomass buring is not the main source of diacids, rather diacids are secondarily formed by photochemical oxidation of organic precursors derived from fossil fuel combustion. We found a strong correlation (r = 0.98) between inorganic nitrogen (NO3-N + NH4-N) and total nitrogen (TN), to which organic nitrogen (ON) contributed 23%. Fatty acids were characterized by even carbon number predominance, suggesting that they are derived from biogenic sources. The higher abundances of short chain fatty acids (<C-20) than long chain fatty acids (>C-20) further suggest that fatty acids are largely derived from marine phytoplankton during spring bloom. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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