||Depth variations in seismic velocity in the subducting crust : Evidence for fluid-related embrittlement for intermediate-depth earthquakes
Shiina, Takahiro ,
Nakajima, Junichi ,
Matsuzawa, Toru ,
Toyokuni, GentiKita, Saeko
Geophysical research letters
817 , 2017-01-28 , American Geophysical Union
We investigated seismic wave velocity in the subducting crust of the Pacific slab beneath eastern Hokkaido, northern Japan. To detect depth-dependent properties of the seismic velocities in the crust, we analyzed guided waves that propagate in the crust and estimated P wave velocity (V-p) of 6.5-7.5km/s and S wave velocity (V-s) of 3.6-4.2km/s at depths of 50-100km. The results show that the obtained V-p and V-s are 10-15% lower than those expected for the fully hydrated mid-ocean ridge basalt, suggesting the existence of aqueous fluids by similar to 1 vol % in the crust at this depth range. Our observations suggest that overpressurized fluids channeled in the subducting crust plays as a dominant factor for facilitating the genesis of crustal earthquakes at intermediate depths.