Journal Article CP-violating phase on magnetized toroidal orbifolds

Kobayashi, Tatsuo  ,  Nishiwaki, Kenji  ,  Tatsuta, Yoshiyuki

4p.80 , 2017-04-13 , Springer
We study the CP-violating phase of the quark sector on T-2/Z(N) (N = 2, 3, 4, 6) with non-vanishing magnetic fluxes, where properties of possible origins of the CP violation are investigated minutely. In this system, a non-vanishing value is mandatory in the real part of the complex modulus parameter tau of the two-dimensional torus in order to explain the CP violation in the quark sector. On T-2 without orbifolding, underlying discrete flavor symmetries severely restrict the form of Yukawa couplings and it is very difficult to reproduce the observed pattern in the quark sector including the CP-violating phase delta(CP). When multiple Higgs doublets emerge on T-2/Z(2), the mass matrices of the zero -mode fermions can be written in the Gaussian textures by choosing appropriate configurations of vacuum expectation values of the Higgs fields. When such Gaussian textures of mass matrices are realized, we show that all of the quark profiles, which are mass hierarchies among the quarks, quark mixing angles, and delta(CP) can be simultaneously realized.

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