||Highly selective and sensitive detection of beta-agonists using a surface plasmon resonance sensor based on an alkanethiol monolayer functionalized on a Au surface
Morita, KinichiKawaguchi, Toshikazu
Biosensors & Bioelectronics
363 , 2015-05-15 , Elsevier
Immunosensor surfaces for surface plasmon resonance (SPR) have been constructed using a functionalized succinimidyl propanethiol monolayer as a linker to immobilize beta-agonist protein conjugates on a Au surface. Because beta-agonist is a small molecule, an indirect competitive inhibition immunoassay was used for detection. The lowest detection limits for ractopamine and salbutamol were 10 ppt (10 pg mL(-1)) and 5 ppt (5 pg mL(-1)), respectively. The fabricated immunosensor surface can be used again for detection after regeneration in 0.1 M sodium hydroxide. It was found that the same sensor surface could be reused for performing over 100 rapid immunoreactions. Moreover, one immunosensing-regeneration cycle requires only 600 s. The fabricated immunosensor surfaces were characterized using SPR and scanning tunneling microscopy observation. In the kinetic study of the indirect competitive immunosensing inhibition, the affinity constant (K-1) of salbutamol antibody was smaller than the K1 of ractopamine antibody. Compared to a previous study of clenbuterol detection, it was concluded that the high K-1 was coupled with low sensitivity. In the selectivity study, both immunosensor surfaces provided >90% of confidence level for the specific detection of beta-agonist compounds. The fabrication of highly selective and sensitive sensor surfaces for detecting beta-agonist compounds was confirmed. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.