Journal Article Trends and determinant factors in the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy devices in Japan : Analysis of the Japan cardiac device treatment registry database

Yokoshiki, Hisashi  ,  Shimizu, Akihiko  ,  Mitsuhashi, Takeshi  ,  Furushima, Hiroshi  ,  Sekiguchi, Yukio  ,  Manaka, Tetsuyuki  ,  Nishii, Nobuhiro  ,  Ueyama, Takeshi  ,  Morita, Norishige  ,  Nitta, Takashi  ,  Okumura, Ken

32 ( 6 )  , pp.486 - 490 , 2016-12 , Elsevier
ISSN:1880-4276
Description
Background: The choice of cardiac resynchronization therapy device, with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator, in patients with heart failure largely depends on the physician's discretion, because it has not been established which subjects benefit most from a defibrillator. Methods: We examined the annual trend of CRT device implantations between 2006 and 2014, and evaluated the factors related to the device selection (CRT-D or CRT-P) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure by analyzing the Japan Cardiac Device Treatment Registry (JCDTR) database from January 2011 and August 2015 (CRT-D, n=2714; CRT-P, n=555). Results: The proportion of CRT-D implantations for primary prevention among all the CRT-D recipients was more than 70% during the study period. The number of CRT-D implantations for primary prevention reached a maximum in 2011 and decreased gradually between 2011 and 2014, whereas CRT-P implantations increased year by year until 2011 and remained unchanged in recent years. Multivariate analysis identified age (odds ratio [OR] 0.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.90-0.95, P < 0.0001), male sex (OR 1.99, 95% CI 1.28-3.11, P < 0.005), reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.94-0.98, P < 0.0001), and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) (OR 2.85, 95% CI 1.87-4.35, P < 0.0001) as independent factors favoring the choice of CRT-D. Conclusions: Younger age, male sex, reduced LVEF, and a history of NSVT were independently associated with the choice of CRT-D for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure in Japan.
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