Journal Article Clinical outcomes of stage I and IIA non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy system.

Katoh, Norio  ,  Soda, Itaru  ,  Tamamura, Hiroyasu  ,  Takahashi, Shotaro  ,  Uchinami, Yusuke  ,  Ishiyama, Hiromichi  ,  Ota, Kiyotaka  ,  Inoue, Tetsuya  ,  Onimaru, Rikiya  ,  Shibuya, Keiko  ,  Hayakawa, Kazushige  ,  Shirato, Hiroki

12p.3 , 2017-01-05 , BioMed Central
ISSN:1748-717X
Description
Purpose: To investigate the clinical outcomes of stage I and IIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system. Materials and methods: Patterns-of-care in SBRT using RTRT for histologically proven, peripherally located, stage I and IIA NSCLC was retrospectively investigated in four institutions by an identical clinical report format. Patterns-of-outcomes was also investigated in the same manner. Results: From September 2000 to April 2012, 283 patients with 286 tumors were identified. The median age was 78 years (52-90) and the maximum tumor diameters were 9 to 65 mm with a median of 24 mm. The calculated biologically effective dose (10) at the isocenter using the linear-quadratic model was from 66 Gy to 126 Gy with a median of 106 Gy. With a median follow-up period of 28 months (range 0-127), the overall survival rate for the entire group, for stage IA, and for stage IB + IIA was 75%, 79%, and 65% at 2 years, and 64%, 70%, and 50% at 3 years, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the favorable predictive factor was female for overall survival. There were no differences between the clinical outcomes at the four institutions. Grade 2, 3, 4, and 5 radiation pneumonitis was experienced by 29 (10.2%), 9 (3.2%), 0, and 0 patients. The subgroup analyses revealed that compared to margins from gross tumor volume (GTV) to planning target volume (PTV) ≥ 10 mm, margins < 10 mm did not worsen the overall survival and local control rates, while reducing the risk of radiation pneumonitis. Conclusions: This multi-institutional retrospective study showed that the results were consistent with the recent patterns-of-care and patterns-of-outcome analysis of SBRT. A prospective study will be required to evaluate SBRT using a RTRT system with margins from GTV to PTV < 10mm.
Full-Text

http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/64432/2/13014_2016_742_MOESM1_ESM.docx

http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/64432/1/RadiationOncology2017.pdf

Number of accesses :  

Other information