Journal Article Effect of respiratory and cardiac gating on the major diffusion-imaging metrics

Hamaguchi, Hiroyuki  ,  Tha, Khin Khin  ,  Sugimori, Hiroyuki  ,  Nakanishi, Mitsuhiro  ,  Nakagawa, Shin  ,  Fujiwara, Taro  ,  Yoshida, Hirokazu  ,  Takamori, Sayaka  ,  Shirato, Hiroki

29 ( 4 )  , pp.254 - 259 , 2016-08 , SAGE Publications
The effect of respiratory gating on the major diffusion-imaging metrics and that of cardiac gating on mean kurtosis (MK) are not known. For evaluation of whether the major diffusion-imaging metrics-MK, fractional anisotropy (FA), and mean diffusivity (MD) of the brain-varied between gated and non-gated acquisitions, respiratory-gated, cardiac-gated, and non-gated diffusion-imaging of the brain were performed in 10 healthy volunteers. MK, FA, and MD maps were constructed for all acquisitions, and the histograms were constructed. The normalized peak height and location of the histograms were compared among the acquisitions by use of Friedman and post hoc Wilcoxon tests. The effect of the repetition time (TR) on the diffusion-imaging metrics was also tested, and we corrected for its variation among acquisitions, if necessary. The results showed a shift in the peak location of the MK and MD histograms to the right with an increase in TR (p <= 0.01). The corrected peak location of the MK histograms, the normalized peak height of the FA histograms, the normalized peak height and the corrected peak location of the MD histograms varied significantly between the gated and non-gated acquisitions (p < 0.05). These results imply an influence of respiration and cardiac pulsation on the major diffusion-imaging metrics. The gating conditions must be kept identical if reproducible results are to be achieved.

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