学術雑誌論文 Roles of OA1 octopamine receptor and Dop1 dopamine receptor in mediating appetitive and aversive reinforcement revealed by RNAi studies

Awata, Hiroko  ,  Wakuda, Ryo  ,  Ishimaru, Yoshiyasu  ,  Matsuoka, Yuji  ,  Terao, Kanta  ,  Katata, Satomi  ,  Matsumoto, Yukihisa  ,  Hamanaka, Yoshitaka  ,  Noji, Sumihare  ,  Mito, Taro  ,  Mizunami, Makoto

6p.29696 , 2016-07-15 , Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
内容記述
Revealing reinforcing mechanisms in associative learning is important for elucidation of brain mechanisms of behavior. In mammals, dopamine neurons are thought to mediate both appetitive and aversive reinforcement signals. Studies using transgenic fruit-flies suggested that dopamine neurons mediate both appetitive and aversive reinforcements, through the Dop1 dopamine receptor, but our studies using octopamine and dopamine receptor antagonists and using Dop1 knockout crickets suggested that octopamine neurons mediate appetitive reinforcement and dopamine neurons mediate aversive reinforcement in associative learning in crickets. To fully resolve this issue, we examined the effects of silencing of expression of genes that code the OA1 octopamine receptor and Dop1 and Dop2 dopamine receptors by RNAi in crickets. OA1-silenced crickets exhibited impairment in appetitive learning with water but not in aversive learning with sodium chloride solution, while Dop1-silenced crickets exhibited impairment in aversive learning but not in appetitive learning. Dop2-silenced crickets showed normal scores in both appetitive learning and aversive learning. The results indicate that octopamine neurons mediate appetitive reinforcement via OA1 and that dopamine neurons mediate aversive reinforcement via Dop1 in crickets, providing decisive evidence that neurotransmitters and receptors that mediate appetitive reinforcement indeed differ among different species of insects.
本文を読む

http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/62734/1/srep29696.pdf

このアイテムのアクセス数:  回

その他の情報