Departmental Bulletin Paper 新渡戸稲造の道徳における教育学的意義

田岡, 昌大

126pp.155 - 169 , 2016-06-30 , 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
The purpose of this paper is to examine the moral theory in“BUSHIDO”and“Shuyo”theory by Inazao Nitobe and to find the educational implication. Nitobe tried to explain Japanese traditional moral theory to foreign country by“BUSHIDO”. However,“BUSHIDO”is the ideal personality theory by Inazo Nitobe and is not accurate explanation for Japanese traditional moral theory. In this book Nitobe wrote the idea that is“decision of character”by integration to know and to do. In“Shuyo”theory, this idea explain as integration“to be”and“to do”. “Shuyo”theory by Inazo Nitobe was written for formation of personality among people in every social class. It includes various things about usually mind. It is a typical self-help theory. The theory had great impact on his students as well as culturalism which is born later as school culture. According to his students, his thought had an impact on the ideas of postwar. His theory, however, is not considered by Postwar-Pedagogy in Japan (Sengo-Kyouikugaku) because culturalism was considered to be the typical reflection of class consciousness. In the end, we found that Nitobe's theory has the implication to present day in contrary to Postwar-Pedagogy in Japan through examination. It's not a mere class consciousness or the way for national integration. Moral theory by Nitobe has potential to liberate human and society by personality and moral. And we can find common directional in Nitobe and Postwar-Pedagogy. Through this understanding, we can understand Postwar Japan in other perspective and obtain a way to consider moral by connecting before and after Postwar.

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