Departmental Bulletin Paper Complex malformations of the urogenital tract in a female dog : Gartner duct cyst, ipsilateral renal agenesis, and ipsilateral hydrometra

Fujita, Atsushi  ,  Tsuboi, Masaya  ,  Uchida, Kazuyuki  ,  Nishimura, Ryohei

64 ( 2 )  , pp.147 - 152 , 2016-05 , Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
A 10-month-old female toy poodle was referred to the University of Tokyo Veterinary Medical Center with a urogenital anomaly found during sterilization. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a cyst adhering to the cervix and a unilateral renal agenesis. Histopathology and immunohistochemical analysis of the cyst was consistent with remnants of the Wolffian duct or a Gartner duct cyst. This is a rare case of a canine Gartner duct cyst with renal agenesis and uterine anomaly. We discuss the similarity of this case to that of humans and introduce a classification in the literature for these complex urogenital malformations for further clinical research into the precise diagnosis and appropriate surgical planning.

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