Journal Article MASS ESTIMATES OF A GIANT PLANET IN A PROTOPLANETARY DISK FROM THE GAP STRUCTURES

Kanagawa, Kazuhiro D.  ,  Muto, Takayuki  ,  Tanaka, Hidekazu  ,  Tanigawa, Takayuki  ,  Takeuchi, Taku  ,  Tsukagoshi, Takashi  ,  Momose, Munetake

806 ( 1 )  , p.L15 , 2015-06-08 , IOP Publishing
ISSN:2041-8205
Description
A giant planet embedded in a protoplanetary disk forms a gap. An analytic relationship among the gap depth, planet mass M-p, disk aspect ratio h(p), and viscosity alpha has been found recently, and the gap depth can be written in terms of a single parameter K = (M-p/M-*)(2)h(p)(-5)alpha(-1). We discuss how observed gap features can be used to constrain the disk and/or planet parameters based on the analytic formula for the gap depth. The constraint on the disk aspect ratio is critical in determining the planet mass so the combination of the observations of the temperature and the image can provide a constraint on the planet mass. We apply the formula for the gap depth to observations of HL Tau and HD 169142. In the case of HL Tau, we propose that a planet with greater than or similar to 0.3M(J) is responsible for the observed gap at 30 AU from the central star based on the estimate that the gap depth is less than or similar to 1/3. In the case of HD 169142, the planet mass that causes the gap structure recently found by VLA is greater than or similar to 0.4M(J). We also argue that the spiral structure, if observed, can be used to estimate the lower limit of the disk aspect ratio and the planet mass.
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