Departmental Bulletin Paper Molecular typing, virulence genes and potential public health implications of Candida albicans isolated from bovine milk

Mousa, Walid  ,  Elmonir, Walid  ,  Abdeen, Eman

64 ( 2 )  , pp.S211 - S215 , 2016-04 , Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Yeast pathogens recently became an important cause of bovine mastitis worldwide. The prevalence of yeast pathogens in milk samples collected from chronic cases of mastitis as well as healthy cattle in Egypt was investigated. Genotyping and virulence gene detection in the isolated Candida albicans strains were also conducted. C. albicans was the predominant Candida spp. in mastitic milk samples (8%). Molecular genotyping revealed that all C. albicans isolates were of the RPS type 3. HWP1 and PLB1 were detected in all C. albicans isolates from mastitic cases, while ALS1 and SAP4 were isolated from 2 and 1 isolates of these cases, respectively. All virulent genes detected in animal isolates were previously associated with human clinical cases implicating its potential zoonotic risk. This is the first report of the RPS typing and virulence genes detection in C. albicans isolates from bovine milk samples in Egypt.

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