Journal Article Divergent bufavirus harboured in megabats represents a new lineage of parvoviruses.

Sasaki, Michihito  ,  Gonzalez, Gabriel  ,  Wada, Yuji  ,  Setiyono, Agus  ,  Handharyani, Ekowati  ,  Rahmadani, Ibenu  ,  Taha, Siswatiana  ,  Adiani, Sri  ,  Latief, Munira  ,  Kholilullah, Zainal Abidin  ,  Subangkit, Mawar  ,  Kobayashi, Shintaro  ,  Nakamura, Ichiro  ,  Kimura, Takashi  ,  Orba, Yasuko  ,  Ito, Kimihito  ,  Sawa, Hirofumi

6p.24257 , 2016-04-26 , Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
Description
Bufavirus is a recently recognized member of the genus Protoparvovirus in the subfamily Parvovirinae. It has been reported that human bufavirus was detected predominantly in patients with diarrhoea in several countries. However, little is known about bufavirus or its close relatives in nonhuman mammals. In this study, we performed nested-PCR screening and identified bufavirus from 12 megabats of Pteropus spp. in Indonesia. Furthermore, we determined nearly the full genome sequence of a novel megabat-borne bufavirus, tentatively named megabat bufavirus 1. Phylogenetic analyses showed that megabat bufavirus 1 clustered with known protoparvoviruses, including human bufavirus but represented a distinct lineage of bufavirus. Our analyses also inferred phylogenetic relationships among animal-borne bufaviruses recently reported by other studies. Recombination analyses suggested that the most common recent ancestor of megabat bufavirus 1 might have arisen from multiple genetic recombination events. These results characterized megabat bufavirus 1 as the first protoparvovirus discovered from megabats and indicates the high genetic divergence of bufavirus.
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http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/61965/1/Sasaki%202016%20SciRep.pdf

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