Breathing during exercise is an important physiological function for maintaining homeostasis of blood gases. In general, ventilatory response during exercise is considered to be automatically controlled depending on exercise intensity and the corresponding perturbation of neurohumoral factors. However, in awake humans, the act of performing physical exercise is coupled with conscious elements such as motivation, effort, and emotions. This means that ventilatory control during exercise cannot be explained well enough by the automatic control system. In this review article, previous works in which behavioral control of exercise hyperpnea was examined are overviewed.