||リカバー・ジャパン / ディスカバー・ジャパン : 野田宇太郎の文学散歩と占領期の「風景」
Recover Japan / Discover Japan : “Promenade Literature” practiced by Utaro Noda and “Landscape” in Japanese Occupation Period
48 , 2016-03-01 , 国際日本学研究会
The purpose of this paper is to consider about the conflict over the “reconstruction” in post-war Japan by focusing on “landscape” that has competed with each other. For that purpose, I pick up a topic of “Promenade literature (Bungaku-sanpo),” the practice of walking around the places that related with modern Japanese writers, and have done by poet and journal editor Utaro Noda(1909-1984). Then I take up his discourses and practices about “landscape” and “Promenade Literature” in wartime and post-war, and attempt to analyze the subject from “landscape” point of view which has discussed among the studies of modernity and imperialism. Therefore I begin by discussing about the two perspective of the landscape. One is the “character” of the landscape, discussed by Kojin Karatani, which is considered as a constructive structure in modern era. The other is about the “role” that has acted as an agent of imperial invading, which have discussed by W.J.T.Mitchell. And then, I point out a possibility that the Japanese landscape in pre-war and wartime has worked as imperialistic way through picking up the discourses of A Japanese Landscape theory (Nihon Fukeiron), that was written by Shigetaka Shiga. Next, I analyze the discourse and practices of Utaro Noda by focusing on his feeling about landscape. Firstly, he felt a sense of danger on it when the house of Ogai Mori was burned by airraid, and the sense let him make a record of the accident in spite of severely censorship. Secondly, he conflicted both of the ruined town that was occured by airraid or poverty and the Americanized downtown which reconstructed by GHQ but many Japanese approved of that. Finally, He practiced “Promenade Literature,” to tour around the places connected with modern writer, and then published Promenade Literature in new Tokyo (Shin-Tokyo Bungaku-sanpo). These results show us that there were different perspectives over “post-war reconstruction” in occupation period, and conflicts have occurred over respective “landscape” they have gazed and been going to reconstruct.