Departmental Bulletin Paper 目的語を標示する日本語の与格「に」と韓国語の対格「을/를」の有標性と学習困難度 : 韓国人日本語学習者のデータに着目して
Markedness and Learning Difficulty of the Japanese Dative Case (ni) and the Korean Accusative Case (ul/lul) Marking Obejcts : With Special Reference to Data from Korean Japanese-Learners

村山, 友里枝

22pp.57 - 74 , 2016-03-25 , 北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
The purpose of this study is to apply the Markedness Differential Hypothesis (henceforth, MDH), proposed by Eckman (1977), to the analysis of the learning difficulty of dative and accusative cases in Japanese and Korean. The MDH claims that the areas of difficulty that a language learner has can be predicted in terms of the difference in typological markedness of these areas between the native language and the target language. This study argues that the notion of typological markedness should be replaced with the frequency-based notion of markedness in order to apply the MDH to the analysis of the learning difficulty of grammatical cases/postpositions. I use the data from Sejong Korean-Japanese Bilingual Corpora to determine the frequency-based markedness of Korean and Japanese dative and accusative cases and the data from KY corpus and C-JAS of Korean Japanese-learners to reveal their learning difficulties. Herein, the analysis of the data suggests that Korean Japanese-learners have difficulty in acquiring dative objects, as predicted by MDH.

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