98 , 2016-03-25 , 北海道大学大学院メディア・コミュニケーション研究院 = Research Faculty of Media and Communication, Hokkaido University
The Lindisfarne Gospels produced at the end of the 7th century in England are famous for the initials on the opening pages with its splendid illumination but this study deals with the actual text of the gospels. The main text is plain in comparison to the initials but the different and special shape of the continental text characters is an important element of these gospels. It is called Insular Half Uncial script, an alteration of the Half Uncial script used by the Roman Catholic Church, influenced by the culture of Ireland and Great Britain. The biggest feature of this script is wedge serif. However, this is not simply a design issue;it also has the function of mutually joining the characters. This is different from the natural joining of characters in cursive writing and, despite it being in formal hand, characters were consciously joined. A number of other ways of joining characters apart from serif can be observed. Of course, the main objective of joining characters is the unique impression of the text that this creates. However,joined-up writing is difficult to read, sometimes it makes vision blurry and it can cause the uniform rhythm of reading to break down. The per cola et commata style is basically easy to read, readers are not particularly conscious of the text and it is easy to concentrate on the contents of the text but, in reality, there are some parts that are difficult to read and that cause the vision to blur. When you come across these passages,it becomes easy for the consciousness to look at the characters themselves. Under the geographical conditions of the north,in contrast to the fact that people had no choice but to use texts received from the Roman Catholic Church as they were,it is possible to differentiate with continental Roman Catholic Church characters in script design. Difficulty of reading and innovations that blur vision were a device to draw the consciousness of readers directly to characters that they would not normally notice and sometimes impede this.