Journal Article Prognostic Value of Right Ventricular Tei Index in Dogs with Myxomatous Mitral Valvular Heart Disease

Nakamura, K.  ,  Morita, T.  ,  Osuga, T.  ,  Morishita, K.  ,  Sasaki, N.  ,  Ohta, H.  ,  Takiguchi, M.

30 ( 1 )  , pp.69 - 75 , 2016-01 , Wiley-Blackwell
Background: The right ventricular (RV) Tei index (TX) has a significant correlation with the severity of pulmonary hypertension. However, the role of RV dysfunction in dogs with myxomatous mitral valvular heart disease (MMVD) has not been addressed. Objectives: To investigate the correlation between right ventricular Tei-index (RVTX) and the prognosis for dogs with MMVD. Animals: Thirty client-owned dogs with MMVD. Methods: Clinical cohort study. Dogs were divided into two groups on the basis of the onset of cardiac-related death within 1 year of the first echocardiographic examination. Physical examination and echocardiographic variables were compared between the groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and multivariate logistic analysis were used to assess the comparative accuracy when identifying dogs with cardiac-related death. Results: The highest accuracy was obtained for RVTX with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.95 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.81-0.99) followed by the left atrial to aortic root ratio with an AUC of 0.91 (95% CI 0.74-0.98), peak early diastolic mitral inflow velocity with an AUC of 0.84 (95% CI 0.64-0.94), and Doppler estimates of systolic pulmonary artery pressure with an AUC of 0.84 (95% CI 0.61-0.95). According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, RVTX was the only independent correlate of cardiac-related death within 1 year. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Right ventricular Tei-index has a strong correlation with the prognosis for dogs with MMVD. The most significant independent predictor of death was RVTX in this study.

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