||Structural elements responsible for the glucosidic linkage-selectivity of a glycoside hydrolase family 13 exo-glucosidase
Saburi, Wataru ,
Rachi-Otsuka, Hiroaki ,
Hondoh, Hironori Okuyama, Masayuki ,
Mori, Haruhide ,
869 , 2015-03-25 , Elsevier
Glycoside hydrolase family 13 contains exo-glucosidases specific for alpha-(1 -> 4)- and alpha-(1 -> 6)-linkages including alpha-glucosidase, oligo-1,6-glucosidase, and dextran glucosidase. The alpha-(1 -> 6)-linkage selectivity of Streptococcus mutans dextran glucosidase was altered to alpha-(1 -> 4)-linkage selectivity through site-directed mutations at Val195, Lys275, and Glu371. V195A showed 1300-fold higher k(cat)/K-m for maltose than wild-type, but its k(cat)/K-m for isomaltose remained 2-fold higher than for maltose. K275A and E371A combined with V195A mutation only decreased isomaltase activity. V195A/K275A, V195A/E371A, and V195A/K275A/E371A showed 27-, 26-, and 73-fold higher k(cat)/K-m for maltose than for isomaltose, respectively. Consequently, the three residues are structural elements for recognition of the alpha-(1 -> 6)-glucosidic linkage. (C) 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.