Journal Article Structural elements responsible for the glucosidic linkage-selectivity of a glycoside hydrolase family 13 exo-glucosidase

Saburi, Wataru  ,  Rachi-Otsuka, Hiroaki  ,  Hondoh, Hironori  ,  Okuyama, Masayuki  ,  Mori, Haruhide  ,  Kimura, Atsuo

589 ( 7 )  , pp.865 - 869 , 2015-03-25 , Elsevier
ISSN:0014-5793
Description
Glycoside hydrolase family 13 contains exo-glucosidases specific for alpha-(1 -> 4)- and alpha-(1 -> 6)-linkages including alpha-glucosidase, oligo-1,6-glucosidase, and dextran glucosidase. The alpha-(1 -> 6)-linkage selectivity of Streptococcus mutans dextran glucosidase was altered to alpha-(1 -> 4)-linkage selectivity through site-directed mutations at Val195, Lys275, and Glu371. V195A showed 1300-fold higher k(cat)/K-m for maltose than wild-type, but its k(cat)/K-m for isomaltose remained 2-fold higher than for maltose. K275A and E371A combined with V195A mutation only decreased isomaltase activity. V195A/K275A, V195A/E371A, and V195A/K275A/E371A showed 27-, 26-, and 73-fold higher k(cat)/K-m for maltose than for isomaltose, respectively. Consequently, the three residues are structural elements for recognition of the alpha-(1 -> 6)-glucosidic linkage. (C) 2015 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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