Journal Article How do case presentation teaching methods affect learning outcomes?-SNAPPS and the One-Minute preceptor

Seki, Masayasu  ,  Otaki, Junji  ,  Breugelmans, Raoul  ,  Komoda, Takayuki  ,  Nagata-Kobayashi, Shizuko  ,  Akaishi, Yu  ,  Hiramoto, Jun  ,  Ohno, Iwao  ,  Harada, Yoshimi  ,  Hirayama, Yoji  ,  Izumi, Miki

16p.12 , 2016-01-13 , BioMed Central
Background: Various techniques have been developed to enable preceptors to teach residents effectively in outpatient settings to promote active learning, including SNAPPS and the One-Minute Preceptor (OMP). This study aimed to ascertain the differences between SNAPPS and the OMP in case presentation content and learner evaluation when used to teach residents about case presentation. Methods: From 2011 to 2013, participants were 71 junior clinical residents employed in two hospitals for clinical training. They were randomly allocated to two groups, one using SNAPPS and the other the OMP. From recorded discussions, the "differential diagnoses", "questions and uncertainties", "treatment plans", and "learning issues" were counted. Also, a self-evaluation form was distributed at the end of the study to evaluate the residents' satisfaction with the case presentation. Results: Members of the SNAPPS group used significantly more meaning units related to questions and uncertainties compared with those of the OMP group (P < 0.001). Self-evaluation sheets revealed that members of the SNAPPS group had significantly higher positive responses than those of the OMP group in terms of the following evaluations: "It was easy to bring up questions and uncertainties" (P = 0.046), "It was easy to present the case efficiently" (P = 0.002), "It was easy to present the case in the sequence given" (P = 0.029), and "I was able to give an in-depth case presentation" (P = 0.005). Conclusions: SNAPPS may induce more meaning units related to questions and uncertainties and give more satisfaction to residents than the OMP.

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