Departmental Bulletin Paper サハ語の再帰接辞・逆使役接辞・受身接辞
Reflexive, Anticausative, and Passive Suffixes in Sakha (Yakut)

江畑, 冬生

6pp.43 - 52 , 2016-01-20 , 北海道大学文学研究科
It is supposed that there are two allomorphs of the reflexive suffix and also two allomorphs of the passive suffix in Sakha. Contrary to this traditional explanation, this paper provides a new analysis: The author argues that the reflexive, the anticausative, and the passive suffixes should be distinguished as distinct morphemes. The reflexive suffix and the anticausative suffix show semantic differences as well as morphophonological, morphotactic, and syntactic differences in a consistent way. The anticausative suffix and the passive suffix should be distinguished since impersonal passive constructions are possible only with the passive suffix. Turkic languages have a cognate reflecive suffix -(i)n in common. Judging from their behavior, however, it is not the reflexive suffix but the anticausative suffix that is similar to the reflexive suffix of most other Turkic languages.

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