紀要論文 コリマ・ユカギール語の非定形節における能格性
Ergativity in Non-finite Clauses in Kolyma Yukaghir

長崎, 郁

6pp.25 - 42 , 2016-01-20 , 北海道大学文学研究科
ISSN:2185-7121
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12516968
内容記述
This paper investigates the ergative alignment pattern in non-finite clauses in Kolyma Yukaghir. The main points of this paper are as follows: 1. The ergative pattern is mainly attested in texts collected by W. Jochelson at the end of the 19th century and the very beginning of the 20th century. However, contemporary Kolyma Yukaghir also exhibits a small number of similar instances. 2. In Jochelson’s data, the ergative pattern is observed in both agreement and core-argument marking of the action nominal and result nominal clauses. On the other hand, finite clauses always show the accusative pattern. Therefore, Kolyma Yukaghir once manifested split ergativity conditioned by clause-types. 3. However, Jochelson’s data also contain action nominal and result nominal clauses that show the accusative pattern. This mixture of the ergative and accusative patterns can be considered to reflect the transitional stage from the ergative to accusative system. 4. It is also possible to assume that the action nominal and result nominal clauses involved a split conditioned by NP-types: the first- and second-person pronouns always followed the accusative pattern, while other nominals followed the ergative pattern. 5. In finite clauses in contemporary Kolyma Yukaghir, the first- or second-person pronoun P takes the pronominal accusative -ul when A is in the first- or second person, while it takes the (simple) accusative -gele/-kele when A is in the third person. However, this distinction is not consistent in Jochelson’s data: the former was almost always used in the action nominal and result nominal clauses. This indicates that the replacement process of -ul with -gele/-kele has been in progress along with the shift from the ergative to accusative system.
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http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/60790/1/02nagasaki.pdf

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