Journal Article Early stage of nanodroplet impact on solid wall

Kobayashi, Kazumichi  ,  Konno, Kazuki  ,  Yaguchi, Hisao  ,  Fujii, Hiroyuki  ,  Sanada, Toshiyuki  ,  Watanabe, Masao

28 ( 3 )  , p.032002 , 2016-03 , American Institute of Physics (AIP)
In this study, we investigated nanodroplet spreading at the early stage after the impact using molecular dynamics simulations by changing the magnitude of the intermolecular force between the liquid and wall molecules. We showed that the droplet deformation after the impact greatly depends on the intermolecular force. The temporal evolution of the spreading diameters was measured by the cylindrical control volume for several molecular layers in the vicinity of the wall. At the early stage of the nanodroplet impact, the normalized spreading radius of the droplet is proportional to the square root of the normalized time, tˆ. This result is understood by the geometrical consideration presented by Rioboo et al. [“Time evolution of liquiddrop impact onto solid, dry surfaces,” Exp. Fluids 33, 112–124 (2002)]. In addition, we found that as the intermolecular force between the liquid and wall becomes stronger, the normalized spreading diameter of the first molecular layer on the wall remains less dependent on the impact velocity. Furthermore, the time evolution of the droplet spreading changes from tˆ√ to logtˆ with time.

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