Journal Article Improvement of cerebral hypometabolism after resection of radiation-induced necrotic lesion in a patient with cerebral arteriovenous malformation

Harada, Yae  ,  Hirata, Kenji  ,  Nakayama, Naoki  ,  Yamaguchi, Shigeru  ,  Yoshida, Michiharu  ,  Onodera, Shunsuke  ,  Manabe, Osamu  ,  Shiga, Tohru  ,  Terae, Satoshi  ,  Shirato, Hiroki  ,  Tamaki, Nagara

4 ( 6 )  , p.2058460115584112 , 2015-06-29 , SAGE Publications
A 55-year-old woman underwent radiosurgery for a left cerebral hemisphere arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and developed radiation-induced necrosis causing a massive edema in the surrounding brain tissues. Despite various therapies, the edema expanded to the ipsilateral hemisphere and induced neurological symptoms. The radiation-induced necrotic lesion was surgically removed 4 years after radiosurgery. While the preoperative FDG PET revealed severe hypometabolism in the left cerebrum, the necrotomy significantly ameliorated the brain edema, glucose metabolism (postoperative FDG PET), and symptoms. This case indicates that radiation necrosis-induced neurological deficits may be associated with brain edema and hypometabolism, which could be reversed by appropriate necrotomy.

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