Departmental Bulletin Paper Resistance to non-quinolone antimicrobials in commensal Escherichia coli isolates from chickens treated orally with enrofloxacin

Jurado, Sonia  ,  Medina, Alberto  ,  Fuente, Ricardo de la  ,  Ruiz-Santa-Quiteria, José A.  ,  Orden, José A.

63 ( 4 )  , pp.195 - 200 , 2015-11 , Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
The aim of the present study was evaluate how oral administration of enrofloxacin affected the frequency of resistance to different antimicrobials in commensal Escherichia coli isolates from healthy chickens. A further objective of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of resistance in these isolates. A trend towards increased resistance to enrofloxacin, doxycycline and amoxicillin of E. coli isolates from chickens after enrofloxacin administration was observed. The increase in the resistance to doxycycline and amoxicillin was probably due to a co-selection of tetracycline and β-lactam resistance genes by the administration of enrofloxacin. The detection of tetM was much higher than expected (50%), which indicates that this gene may play an important role in tetracycline resistance in E. coli from chickens.

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