Journal Article Monge-Ampere Systems with Lagrangian Pairs

Ishikawa, Goo  ,  Machida, Yoshinori

11p.81 , 2015-11-27 , Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
The classes of Monge-Ampere systems, decomposable and bi-decomposable Monge-Ampere systems, including equations for improper affine spheres and hypersurfaces of constant Gauss-Kronecker curvature are introduced. They are studied by the clear geometric setting of Lagrangian contact structures, based on the existence of Lagrangian pairs in contact structures. We show that the Lagrangian pair is uniquely determined by such a bi-decomposable system up to the order, if the number of independent variables >= 3. We remark that, in the case of three variables, each bi-decomposable system is generated by a non-degenerate three-form in the sense of Hitchin. It is shown that several classes of homogeneous Monge-Ampere systems with Lagrangian pairs arise naturally in various geometries. Moreover we establish the upper bounds on the symmetry dimensions of decomposable and bi-decomposable Monge-Ampere systems respectively in terms of the geometric structure and we show that these estimates are sharp (Proposition 4.2 and Theorem 5.3).

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