Journal Article Growth of Japanese and hybrid larch seedlings grown under free-air O-3 fumigation-an initial assessment of the effects of adequate and excessive nitrogen

Dong-Gyu, Kam  ,  Shi, Cong  ,  Watanabe, Makoto  ,  Kita, Kazuhito  ,  Satoh, Fuyuki  ,  Koike, Takayoshi

71 ( 3 )  , pp.239 - 244 , 2015-09 , 日本農業気象学会 = The Society of Agricultural Meteorology of Japan
Ground-surface ozone (O-3) and nitrogen (N) deposition in forests are increasing rapidly in East Asia. The Japanese larch (JL) has been transplanted from central Japan to northern areas. Because the JL suffers from shoot blight disease and grazing by voles, the hybrid larch (F-1) was developed to overcome these weak points. For sustainable use of these larches, we should know the growth responses of larches to elevated O-3 (eO(3)) and excessive N deposition in northern Japan. Two-year-old JL and F-1 seedlings were potted in well-weathered immature volcanic ash soil with basal dressing of balanced fertilizer containing 47 kgN ha(-1) yr(-1), due to a lack of nutrients in the soil. To simulate eO(3), seedlings were grown in a free-air O-3 fumigation system (60 nmol mol(-1) in daytime). Also, to simulate acid rain, NH4NO3 (50 kgN ha(-1) yr(-1) in total) was applied to the plants. Independent of the N loading, the dry mass of needle litter in both JL and F-1 was less at eO(3) than at ambient O-3. Re-translocation of N before the needle shedding of both larches was lower under eO(3). As a result, the aboveground biomass per needle (i.e. productive efficiency) was higher at eO(3).

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