||Effects of ozone-induced stomatal closure on ozone uptake and its changes due to leaf age in sun and shade leaves of Siebold's beech
Hoshika, Yasutomo ,
Watanabe, Makoto ,
Inada, NaokiKoike, Takayoshi
Journal of agricultural meteorology
226 , 2015-09 , The Society of Agricultural Meteorology of Japan（日本農業気象学会）
An estimation of stomatal ozone uptake for the assessment of ozone risks in forest trees can be modified by ozone-induced stomatal closure. We thus examined a seasonal course of stomatal conductance in sun and shade leaves of Siebold's beech native to northern Japan (Fagus crenata) grown under free-air ozone exposure. A performance of multiplicative stomatal conductance model was also tested, when considering ozone-induced stomatal closure into the model. Ozone caused stomatal closure in both sun and shade leaves (20% and 30-40% reduction of stomatal conductance in sun and shade leaves, respectively) during early summer. However, in autumn, stomatal closure was diminished regardless of canopy positions (approximately 7% and 6% reduction of stomatal conductance in sun and shade leaves, respectively). When observed seasonal course of stomatal closure was taken into account in stomatal conductance model, the model provided a good agreement with measurements even under conditions of elevated ozone. As a result, ozone-induced stomatal closure limited stomatal ozone uptake by 11% and 17% in sun and shade leaves of Siebold's beech, respectively. In addition, stomatal ozone uptake in shade leaves under elevated ozone was much less than that in sun leaves (35% of the value in sun leaves), indicating better avoidance of ozone stress in shade leaves. Our results suggest that a loss of ozone-induced stomatal closure after ozone exposure in the late growing season should be considered in modeling stomatal ozone uptake for the assessment of ozone impacts on Siebold's beech.