Journal Article Latitudinal distributions of atmospheric dicarboxylic acids, oxocarboxylic acids, and α-dicarbonyls over the western North Pacific : Sources and formation pathways

Bikkina, Srinivas  ,  Kawamura, Kimitaka  ,  Miyazaki, Yuzo

120 ( 10 )  , pp.5010 - 5035 , 2015-05-28 , American Geophysical Union
ISSN:2169-897X
Description
The present study aims to assess the molecular distributions of water-soluble dicarboxylic acids (diacids: C-2-C-12), oxocarboxylic acids (C-2-C-9), and -dicarbonyls (glyoxal and methylglyoxal) in aerosols collected over the western North Pacific (WNP) during a summer cruise (August to September 2008). The measured water-soluble organics show pronounced latitudinal distributions with higher concentrations in the region of 30 degrees N-45 degrees N (average 63ngm(-3)) than 10 degrees N-30 degrees N (18ngm(-3)). Mass fraction of oxalic acid (C-2) in total aliphatic diacids (sigma C-2-C-12) showed higher values (7210%) in lower latitude (10 degrees N-30 degrees N) than that (5616%) in higher latitude (30 degrees N-45 degrees N), suggesting a photochemical production of C-2 due to an increased insolation over the tropical WNP. A similar trend was found in other diagnostic ratios such as oxalic to succinic (C-2/C-4) and oxalic to glyoxylic acid (C-2/C-2), which further corroborate an enhanced photochemical aging over the WNP. In addition, relative abundances of oxalic acid in total diacids showed a marked increase as a function of ambient temperature, supporting their photochemical production. Constantly low concentration ratios of adipic and phthalic acids relative to azelaic acid suggest a small contribution of anthropogenic sources and an importance of oceanic sources during the study period. Significant production of C-2 through oxidation of biogenic volatile organic compounds emitted from the sea surface is also noteworthy, as inferred from the strong linear correlations among water-soluble organic carbon, methanesulphonic acid, and oxalic acid. Sea-to-air emission of unsaturated fatty acids also contributes to formation of diacids over the WNP.
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http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/60103/1/jgrd52134%281%29.pdf

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