学術雑誌論文 The Distribution of Cool Spots as Microrefugia in a Mountainous Area

Shimokawabe, Ayuma  ,  Yamaura, Yuichi  ,  Akasaka, Takumi  ,  Sato, Tomonori  ,  Shida, Yuichiro  ,  Yamanaka, Satoshi  ,  Nakamura, Futoshi

10 ( 8 )  , p.e0135732 , 2015-08-19 , PLOS
ISSN:1932-6203
内容記述
It has recently been proposed that microrefugia played an important role in species survival during past climate change events. However, the current distributions of microrefugia remain largely unknown. Wind-hole sites are areas affected by preferential flows of cool air generated in interstitial spaces created by rock fragments or colluvia. Alpine plant species occurring in lowland wind-hole sites isolated from alpine zones may be relicts of the last glacial period. Hokkaido, northern Japan, is known to contain many wind-hole sites in which alpine plant species can occur. Here we surveyed 55 wind-hole sites in the Kitami region, eastern Hokkaido, and observed two alpine plant species (lingonberry, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, and Labrador tea, Rhododendron groenlandicum ssp. diversipilosum var. diversipilosum) in 14 wind-hole sites. Statistical modeling showed that wind-hole sites are likely to occur in areas with high maximum slope angles and volcanic rock cover, and concave surfaces. Our predictions of wind-hole site distributions suggest that such topographic conditions are common in our study area, and that many undiscovered wind-hole sites exist. Ignoring microhabitats may greatly underestimate species distributions in topographically complex regions, and dispersed cool spots may also function as stepping stones and temporal habitats for cold-adapted species. Because these localized unique habitats usually occur in economically unproductive sites, identifying and protecting potential microrefugia (cool spots) would be a robust and cost-effective mitigation of climate change impacts.
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http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/59888/1/70905%28NAKAMURA%ef%bc%89.pdf

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