||ポスト55年体制下の知事-教育委員会関係 : 鳥取県片山県政の教育政策過程
Relations Between Governor and Board of Education Under the Post-1955 Political System in Japan：Education Reform of Katayama Government in Tottori Prefecture
123 , 2015-06-29 , 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
This Study aims to clarify the decision process of the local education policy under the post-1955 political system in Japan, focusing on relations between the prefectural governor and the board of education, in the case of Katayama government in Tottori prefec ture. Firstly, we can find that a lot of new education measures got available in Tottori in the 2000s and they were promoted by the governor Yoshihiro Katayama. To the second, we can see that the pressure to the Board of Education from the governor was brought out by the Ministry of Education orientation and the closed organization culture of the Board of Education. The prefecture Board of Education were so poor in the ability for policy making and the resources to build up the education measures to contribute to local development. The governor had to activate the Board of Education through various routs like personnel affairs of the Board of Education, the collaboration in policymaking between the governor's office and the Board of Education. Thirdly, while the independence of Board of Education was expected, it remained at the position of the follower to the end. We found that the menber of the Board of Education could not make policies independently and represent the resident's preference, even if they got the support of the governor. From this case study, we see that it is very difficult for the Board of Education to obtain the democratic legitimacy even under the governor that attached great value to resident autonomy. It is a big challenge for us to explore the way to balance power in the local educational governance and enhance the democratic legitimacy of the Board of Education.