Journal Article Comparisons of diet and nutritional conditions in Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini juveniles between two nursery grounds off northern Hokkaido, Japan

Kobayashi, Yuki  ,  Takatsu, Tetsuya  ,  Yamaguchi, Hiroshi  ,  Joh, Mikimasa

81 ( 3 )  , pp.463 - 472 , 2015-05 , Springer
To characterise food-habit differences in Pseudopleuronectes herzensteini juveniles we compared diets, prey diversity and nutritional states between two groups, i.e., one in the Sea of Japan and the other in the Sea of Okhotsk around northern Hokkaido, Japan. Juveniles were collected with a sledge net along the sea bottom at depths of 8-50 m in August 2010 and 2011. In the Sea of Japan, 63 were analysed (23 in 2010 and 40 in 2011). In the Sea of Okhotsk, 88 were analysed (55 in 2010 and 33 in 2011). There were no differences in standard lengths of juveniles (the Sea of Japan: 27.0 mm in 2010 in median; 28.8 mm in 2011; the Sea of Okhotsk: 28.3 mm in 2010; 29.2 mm in 2011) or in bottom water temperatures at the study sites. However, stomach content volume and Fulton's condition factor K were higher in the Sea of Okhotsk than in the Sea of Japan. High feeding intensities in the Sea of Okhotsk may have led to a higher nutritional status in fish collected from this sea. In both seas, the diet comprised mainly harpacticoid copepods, gammarids and polychaetes, with some additional bivalves being observed in the Sea of Japan. The value of the prey-diversity index (Delta*) was lower when the K value of juveniles was higher.

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