Departmental Bulletin Paper Identification of multiple genetic loci in the mouse controlling immobility time in the tail suspension and forced swimming tests

Abou-Elnaga, Ahmed F.  ,  Torigoe, Daisuke  ,  Fouda, Mohamed M.  ,  Darwish, Ragab A.  ,  Abou-Ismail, Usama A.  ,  Morimatsu, Masami  ,  Agui, Takashi

63 ( 2 )  , pp.53 - 62 , 2015-05 , Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Depression is one of the most famous psychiatric disorders in humans in all over the countries and considered a complex neurobehavioral trait and difficult to identify causal genes. Tail suspension test (TST) and forced swimming test (FST) are widely used for assessing depression-like behavior and antidepressant activity in mice. A variety of antidepressant agents are known to reduce immobility time in both TST and FST. To identify genetic determinants of immobility duration in both tests, we analyzed 101 F2 mice from an intercross between C57BL/6 and DBA/2 strains. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping using 106 microsatellite markers revealed three loci (two significant and one suggestive) and five suggestive loci controlling immobility time in the TST and FST, respectively. Results of QTL analysis suggest a broad description of the genetic architecture underlying depression, providing underpinnings for identifying novel molecular targets for antidepressants to clear the complex genetic mechanisms of depressive disorders.

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