Report on a characteristic oscillation about 38 mHz (26 s) in northeastern Japan following surface wave of the 2011 Tohoku megathrust earthquakeReport on a characteristic oscillation about 38 mHz (26 s) in northeastern Japan following surface wave of the 2011 Tohoku megathrust earthquake
We try to detect an unidentified signal from the surface motion at northeastern Japan immediately after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. A focused frequency range is 10–100 mHz (10–100 s). We find a peaky signal with frequency of about 38 mHz (26 s) based on the horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratio using the high-rate GNSS data at 382 GEONET stations. We are not able to identify locality of the signal. The signal appears several minutes after the passing of surface wave fronts. The duration of the signal is about 2 min. Since the origin of the 38 mHz signal is unlikely to be local hydrologic tremors, tectonic tremors, or the tsunami, we speculate that the 38 mHz signal originates from a kind of a characteristic oscillation of Northeastern Japan triggered by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. A normal-mode simulation implies that high-order radial overtones could create the signal with a spherically-layered velocity structure, however, the detailed mechanism of the signal still remains a mystery.