Departmental Bulletin Paper Assessment of tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer using MRI and FDG-PET/CT-RECIST 1.1 vs. PERCIST 1.0

Kitajima, Kazuhiro  ,  Miyoshi, Yasuo  ,  Yamano, Toshiko  ,  Odawara, Soichi  ,  Higuchi, Tomoko  ,  Yamakado, Koichiro

80 ( 2 )  , pp.183 - 197 , 2018-05 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
Therapeutic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer based on Positron Emission Tomography Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (PERCIST) 1.0 with FDG-PET/CT measurements was evaluated, and the results compared to those obtained with currently widely used Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, based on MRI measurements. MRI and FDG-PET/CT examina- tions were performed in 32 breast cancer patients before and after the NAC prior to a surgical resection. Chemotherapeutic response of the primary tumor and relapse-free survival (RFS) were investigated using RECIST 1.1 and PERCIST 1.0. Pathological complete response (pCR) was seen in 14 (43.8%) patients, while complete response (CR) was noted in 5, partial response in 25, stable disease in 2, and progressive disease in 0 with RECIST 1.1, and in 28, 2, 1, and 1, respectively, with PERCIST 1.0. For pCR prediction, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy with RECIST 1.1 were 28.6% (4/14), 94.4% (17/18), and 65.6% (21/32), and those with PERCIST 1.0 were 100% (14/14), 22.2% (4/18), and 56.3% (18/32). Five patients (15.6%) had recurrent development after a median period of 24 months (range 7.8–66.8 months). Patients who achieved CR shown by RECIST 1.1 showed slightly longer RFS than those who did not (p=0.46), whereas those with complete metabolic response (CMR) based on PERCIST 1.0 showed a relatively longer RFS than non-CMR patients (p=0.087). For prediction of pathological response to NAC in breast cancer, RECIST 1.1 and PERCIST 1.0 have complementary functions, however, FDG-PET as a post-NAC treatment assessment modality remains to be confirmed.

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