福井市蒲生町の訪問者行事「アッポッシャ」研究 ： その特徴と伝承の現在福井市蒲生町の訪問者行事「アッポッシャ」研究 ： その特徴と伝承の現在 A Study of "Appossha" Which Calls on the Children in Gamo Town (Fishing Village), Fukui City : The Features of the Traditional Event and the Present State
There are lots of traditional events related to "Raihoshin" (来訪神) in local areas in Japan. The notion of "Raihoshin" is the god coming out wearing ONI (鬼) (symbol of evil) mask from another world in the turn of the seasons. So far, Raihoshins have been supposed to be a kind of the souls of ancestors or gods of the year, and bring us happiness and a good harvest. Now their role turned into the education for children. "Appossha" is said to be one of the Raihoshin events. However, this study points out that Appossha is different from other Raihoshins. Its actions and clothes show the ogre of Appossha had been victims of sea disaster, neither ancestors nor gods. It originated from people’s trauma and extreme fear of its behavior like kidnapping. Now, the villagers stopped it because of changing values and circumstances. I hope that regionalrooted tradition will be passed on by young people with their memory of Appossha in their childhood. It’s possible for them to inherit event memories.