||Descending pathways to the spinal cord in teleosts in comparison with mammals, with special attention to rubrospinal pathways
Yamamoto, Naoyuki ,
Nakayama, TomoyaHagio, Hanako
Development Growth & Differentiation
193 , 2017-05 , Wiley
In this article we review descending neural pathways to the spinal cord in teleosts, compared with mammals. Descending pathways to the spinal cord are crucial in controlling various behaviors in vertebrates. The major difference between teleosts and mammals is the lack of corticospinal (or palliospinal) tracts. Other descending pathways, which originate from the brain stem, are basically identical in teleosts and mammals. This suggests the presence of common systems in the spinal motor control by higher order centers. The homologue of nucleus ruber remained unclear in teleosts until recently, and this review pays special attention to the rubrospinal tract.