Journal Article Analysis of Prepeak Structure of Concentrated Organic Lithium Electrolyte by Means of Neutron Diffraction with Isotopic Substitution and Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Yamaguchi, Tsuyoshi  ,  Yoshida, Koji  ,  Yamaguchi, Toshio  ,  Kameda, Yasuo  ,  Ikeda, Kazutaka  ,  Otomo, Toshiya

121 ( 21 )  , pp.5355 - 5362 , 2017-06-01 , ACS Publications
ISSN:1520-6106
Description
The prepeak structure of a 3 mol/kg solution of LiClO4 in propylene carbonate (PC) was studied by both neutron diffraction with isotopic substitution (NDIS) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The NDIS data showed that the intensity of the prepeak decreases experimentally with an increase in the scattering length of the lithium atom from 7Li to 6Li in PC-d6. On the other hand, although the prepeak was observed in solutions of both PC-d6 and PC-h6, it disappears when the 1:1 mixture of PC-d6 and PC-h6 was used as the solvent. The prepeak structure and its variation with the isotope substitution were reproduced well by MD simulation, and they were explained in terms of the contrast of the scattering length densities of the ionic and nonpolar domains.
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