Departmental Bulletin Paper Development and validation of an educational program to enhance sense of coherence in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2

Odajima, Yuki  ,  Kawaharada, Mariko  ,  Wada, Norio

79 ( 3 )  , pp.363 - 374 , 2017-08 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
This study aimed to develop a group education program that facilitates a sense of coherence among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which was provided four times, and to validate the effect of the program among the patients. Researchers allocated 40 patients with type 2 diabetes, who had been admitted to a general hospital in Japan for diabetes education for two weeks. Twenty-one patients were allocated to the intervention group and 19 to the control group. The control group undertook a lecture-based educational program that the facility offered. The intervention group received the program, in addition to the facility’s educational program. The sense of coherence scale and the Problem Areas in Diabetes Survey were used as evaluation indices. The average age of the intervention group was 59.1 years and that of the control group was 59.5 years. The intervention group showed a between-group effect of improvement in the sense of coherence score. Additionally, the intervention group showed a within-group effect of improvement in the sense of coherence score, as well as the comprehensibility and manageability scores, which are subdomains, and the Problem Areas in Diabetes Survey score. The within-group comparison showed a significant decrease in the early-morning FPG at both groups by an effect of treatment. The program suggested the possibility of improving the sense of coherence and the Problem Areas in Diabetes Survey. In order to enhance general use of the program, it is necessary to reach out to participating facilities and verify the effect of the program.

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