Departmental Bulletin Paper A case of anterior communicating artery aneurysm successfully treated after a stent migration during stent assisted endovascular coil embolization

Ohshima, Tomotaka  ,  Belayev, Andrey  ,  Goto, Shunsaku  ,  Yamamoto, Taiki  ,  Ishikawa, Kojiro  ,  Kato, Yoko

79 ( 2 )  , pp.267 - 272 , 2017-05 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
Stent migration is a complication associated with endovascular coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. We report a case of anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm that was successfully treated after stent migration during endovascular coil embolization without retrieval of the stent. A 47-year-old man presented with sudden onset severe headache. Patient was noted to have subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured ACoA aneurysm. Emergency endovascular coil embolization was performed. The second coil embolization was scheduled for the neck-remnant portion with a stent after 16 days from the initial operation. At first, a stent was deployed from the right perpendicular division of anterior cerebral artery (A2) to the left horizontal division of anterior cerebral artery (A1) entirely across the aneurysmal neck. Although the stent position looked fine, the stent migrated inferiorly to the proximal A1 portion when its delivery wire was withdrawn. Fortunately, the stent could be pushed into the distal A1 portion, when we trying to re-access the aneurysm thorough the stent with a pig-tail shaped microguidewire. Additional coil embolization was achieved using the assistance of distal tip of the stent as a scaffold of the coil. The patient was discharged without any complication on the postoperative day 6. Although there are various choices of rescue treatment after stent migration, this is the first reported case of stent repositioning with a microguidewire. Our technique may represent an effective option in case of stent migration.

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