Departmental Bulletin Paper The maximum standardized uptake value increment calculated by dual-time-point 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography predicts survival in patients with oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma

Yonezawa, Natsuki  ,  Minamikawa, Tsutomu  ,  Kitajima, Kazuhiro  ,  Takahashi, Yusuke  ,  Sasaki, Ryohei  ,  Nibu, Ken-ichi  ,  Komori, Takahide

79 ( 2 )  , pp.189 - 198 , 2017-05 , Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, School of Medicine
The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of dual-time-point (DTP) 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) imaging in primary oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The study included 52 patients who underwent preoperative 18F-FDG PET scans at two time points, namely 1 h and 2 h after injection. The following PET parameters were calculated: maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) for both time points (SUV early, SUV delayed); retention index (RI); and SUVmax increment (ΔSUVmax). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to define the optimal cutoff point for these parameters. Overall survival was calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Prognostic factors for patients with OTSCC were evaluated using the univariate log-rank test and a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. ROC analysis revealed that the area under the curve was higher and more accurate for ΔSUVmax than for the other parameters. Additionally, patients with a ΔSUVmax ≥0.9 had significantly worse survival outcomes (28.9% vs 92.6%; p < 0.01). Univariate analysis showed that prognosis was significantly correlated with clinical T stage, local recurrence, perineural invasion, vascular invasion, and PET parameters (p < 0.05 for all). Multivariate analysis showed that local recurrence (hazard ratio = 3.60; p = 0.02) and ΔSUVmax (hazard ratio = 8.43; p < 0.01) were independent prognostic factors. ΔSUVmax determined using DTP 18F-FDG PET may be an additional prognostic factor in OTSCC patients.

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