||Characterization of Smallholder Livestock Farming in Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia ： A Pilot Study in Prey Chhor District
Ieda, Nahoko ,
Watanabe, Youki ,
Chan, Bun ,
Pheng, VuthaUenoyama, Yoshihisa
47 , 2017-03 , 名古屋大学農学国際教育協力研究センター
Livestock production plays an important role in rural development. In Cambodia, inclusion of rural smallholder farmers in the development of the livestock industry is key. This case study aims to describe integrated livestock farming practices in small-scale farms and to raise awareness on the potential and constraints of the livestock industry in rural areas of Cambodia. The study was implemented on the 5th and 6th March 2014 in Prey Chhor District in Kampong Cham Province, using questionnaires with close-ended questions. At the study site, cattle were kept for sale and/or labor and poultry were kept for sale and/or home consumption, whereas the purpose of keeping pigs was exclusively for sale. It was also indicated that swine production requires more investment compared to cattle, in terms of livestock shelters, feeds and vaccination. The majority of the informants recognized avian influenza from TV or radio, while they processed sick or dead animal bodies and livestock manures following traditional practices without special care for infectious disease control. The present results characterize the current common practice of livestock production in rural areas of Cambodia. This case study will also serve as a pilot study to refine the methods for larger-scale survey in the future.