Journal Article Synthesis of Freestanding Graphene on SiC by a Rapid-Cooling Technique

Bao, Jianfeng  ,  Norimatsu, Wataru  ,  Iwata, Hiroshi  ,  Matsuda, Keita  ,  Ito, Takahiro  ,  Kusunoki, Michiko

117pp.205501 - 205501 , 2016-11-08 , American Physical Society
Graphene has a negative thermal expansion coefficient; that is, when heated, the graphene lattice shrinks. On the other hand, the substrates typically used for graphene growth, such as silicon carbide, have a positive thermal expansion coefficient. Hence, on cooling graphene on SiC, graphene expands but SiC shrinks. This mismatch will physically break the atomic bonds between graphene and SiC. We have demonstrated that a graphenelike buffer layer on SiC can be converted to a quasifreestanding monolayer graphene by a rapid-cooling treatment. The decoupling of graphene from the SiC substrate was actually effective for reducing the electric carrier scattering due to interfacial phonons. In addition, the rapidly cooled graphene obtained in this way was of high-quality, strain-free, thermally stable, and strongly hole doped. This simple, classical, but quite novel technique for obtaining quasifreestanding graphene could open a new path towards a viable graphene-based semiconductor industry.

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